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Creativity Unleashed

AI's Influence on Generative Art and Style Transfer



Creativity Unleashed | AI's Influence on Generative Art and Style Transfer

Generative art and style transfer, the exciting offspring of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and creativity, are gaining traction in the art world. They are driving a new revolution, blurring the lines between technology and artistic expression. In this blog post, we will explore how AI is not only influencing art but also unleashing creativity in unprecedented ways.



Generative Art: A New Form of Creativity

At the heart of generative art lies the power of AI to create from predefined algorithms and randomness [1]. An AI algorithm, once given a set of input parameters, can autonomously generate unique pieces of art. The output, though guided by the constraints of the algorithm, is often unpredictable, leading to an unlimited number of unique creations. A perfect example of this is "The Painting Fool" [2], an AI software that creates art based on its 'mood', current events, and the text input it receives. Designed by Simon Colton, a professor of computational creativity, "The Painting Fool" has created thousands of unique pieces, some of which have even been exhibited in galleries.



Style Transfer: Breathing New Life into Art

Style transfer is another exciting application of AI in art, which involves taking the style of one image and applying it to another [3]. The most popular use of this is in transforming ordinary photos into artwork resembling the styles of famous painters such as Van Gogh or Picasso. The Prisma app, for instance, uses AI to transform user photos into artistic masterpieces [4]. By leveraging a type of AI model known as a convolutional neural network, Prisma analyzes the style of one image and the content of another to generate a new image that combines the two.



The Fusion of AI and Human Creativity

Artists and technologists around the world are embracing these AI-powered tools to push the boundaries of creativity. In 2018, an AI-generated painting, "Portrait of Edmond de Belamy," created by the art collective Obvious using a machine learning algorithm, was auctioned at Christie's for an astounding $432,500 [5]. However, this intersection of AI and art is not without controversy. Some critics question whether AI-generated art can truly be considered 'art', given the machine's lack of consciousness and emotional experience [6]. Despite these debates, one thing is clear: AI has opened up new avenues for creative exploration. It offers a new toolkit for artists, inspiring them to create in ways previously unimaginable. As AI technology continues to evolve, we can look forward to even more exciting innovations in the world of art.



Conclusion

AI is undoubtedly making waves in the art world. By enabling generative art and style transfer, AI is pushing the boundaries of creativity and opening up new possibilities for artistic expression. The collaboration between AI and human creativity is not replacing the artist but rather expanding their canvas, unlocking an exciting new frontier in the world of art.



References

McCormack, J., Gifford, T., & Hutchings, P. (2019). Autonomy, Authenticity, Authorship and Intention in Computer Generated Art. ICCC, 196-203.


McCormack, J., Gifford, T., & Hutchings, P. (2019). The Painting Fool: Stories from Building an Automated Painter. In Computers and Creativity (pp. 3-38). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.


Gatys, L. A., Ecker, A. S., & Bethge, M. (2016). Image style transfer using convolutional neural networks. In Proceedings of the IEEE conference on computer vision and pattern recognition (pp. 2414-2423).


Prisma Labs, Inc. (2018). Prisma: Art Photo Editor with Free Picture Effects & Cool Image Filters for Instagram Pics and Selfies.


Cohn, G. (2018). AI Art at Christie’s Sells for $432,500. Christie's.


Elgammal, A., Liu, B., Elhoseiny, M., & Mazzone, M. (2017). CAN: Creative Adversarial Networks, Generating" Art" by Learning About Styles and Deviating from Style Norms.



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